Tigers are often used as a symbol of strength and fierceness. They are an example of the magnificence of Mother Nature and its unreal beauty. The wild animal belongs to the scientific species category of Panthera tigris, the largest cat to exist on earth. Unfortunately, the extensive hunting and loss of its natural habitat led the species on the path to extinction a decade ago. Tigers are a crucial part of unlimited food webs as the primary predators. They are the pride of the jungle.
The History of International Tiger Day
Tigers are listed as ‘endangered species’ under the Red List of Threatened Species and are being conserved under the law for decades. India led the way for tiger protection with the launch of the Tiger Project in 1973. Since 1975 the commercial trade of tigers is prohibited and its conservation is being prioritized globally. After years of no remarkable improvement in the growth of the tiger population, a Tiger Summit was held in St Petersburg, Russia. Organized in November 2010, the summit of the 13 countries with the remaining tiger population initiated the Global Tiger Recovery Program. It also declared 29th July to be celebrated as International Tiger Day. The conservation program aimed at restoring the number of tigers to double by the year 2022.
Theme and Significance
Nature is diverse and all creatures are significant for the biochemical cycles occurring at all times. Tigers are not only magnificent beings but an important part of global wildlife. Therefore, the theme for International Tiger Day 2021 remains “Their survival is in our hands”. It emphasizes the urgent need for cooperation among the human population to save the Tigers. To successfully conserve the tigers and allow them to breed we need awareness and execution of the laws. Undoubtedly, the collective efforts have led to an increase in the tiger population but there is still a long way to go.
Tiger Conservation in India
For India, the tiger is not only a vital species to protect but its pride, the national animal. Since 1973, India is adopting various ways to get the best result and it did. India has the highest number of tigers in the world, 75% of the global population.
Within the species, there are various breeds of tigers with different color fur and characteristics. All the varieties are majestic guardians roaming around the Tiger Reserves of India. There are hundreds of sanctuaries, parks, and reserves in India to preserve the big cat in its natural habitat. Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve, Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary, and Kanha Tiger Reserve are a few of the abodes where tigers can be spotted easily.
- Tigers love making various sounds just like us. They communicate with different types of sounds (like roars, mews, moans, etc), scents, and visual signals.
- Tigers are water-baby, which makes them unique among the other cat species.